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Η παρουσίαση φορτώνεται. Παρακαλείστε να περιμένετε

C.W. Shelmerdine Introduction to Greek 2 nd edition (Newburyport, MA: Focus, 2008) Chapter 15.

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Παρουσίαση με θέμα: "C.W. Shelmerdine Introduction to Greek 2 nd edition (Newburyport, MA: Focus, 2008) Chapter 15."— Μεταγράφημα παρουσίασης:

1 C.W. Shelmerdine Introduction to Greek 2 nd edition (Newburyport, MA: Focus, 2008) Chapter 15

2 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

3 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

4 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs A small group of 3 rd declension nouns has stems ending in diphthongs (all in - υ : ευ, αυ, ου ).

5 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs The most common nouns end in - ευ. –The - υ disappears except in the nominative and vocative singulars, and the dative plural. –The genitive singular ends in – ως (rather than - ος ). –In the nominative plural, the resulting - εες contracts to - εις. –In the nominative, accusative and vocative plural, forms in - ης take over by the end of the fourth century BCE.

6 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs Thus the forms of βασιλεύς, βασιλέως ἡ “king” singular Nom. βασιλεύς Gen. βασιλέως Dat. βασιλεῖ Acc. βασιλέα Voc. βασιλεῦ plural Nom. βασιλεῖς (later βασιλῆς) Gen. βασιλέων Dat. βασιλεῦσι Acc. βασιλέας (later βασιλῆς) Voc. = nom.

7 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs A few 3 rd declension nouns have stems in -αυ or - ου. The -υ disappears in the genitive and dative singulars, and the nominative and genitive plurals. –The accusative singular uses the ending –ν (instead of -α). γραῦς, γραός ἡ “old woman” has a stem ending in -αυ. –ναῦς, νεώς ἡ “ship” has a stem ending in -αυ but is irregular (see 15.4). βοῦς, βοός ὁ/ἡ “ox” has a stem ending in -ου. –χοῦς, χοός ὁ “three quart measure” has a stem ending in -ου, but with accusatives χόα and χόας.

8 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs Thus the forms of γραῦς, γραός ἡ “old woman” singular Nom. γραῦς Gen. γραός Dat. γραΐ Acc. γραῦν Voc. γραῦ plural Nom. γρᾶες Gen. γραῶν Dat. γραυσί Acc. γραῦς Voc. = nom.

9 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs Thus the forms of βοῦς, βοός ὁ/ἡ “ox” singular Nom. βοῦς Gen. βοός Dat. βοΐ Acc. βοῦν Voc. βοῦ plural Nom. βόες Gen. βοῶν Dat. βουσί Acc. βοῦς Voc. = nom.

10 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

11 Shelmerdine Chapter The present and imperfect passive of thematic verbs This chapter introduces the passive voice of regular verbs. When a verb is passive, the noun in the nominative case receives the action. English forms passive verbs by replacing an active verb with the corresponding form of “be” and adding the perfect participle.

12 Shelmerdine Chapter The present and imperfect passive of thematic verbs Compare the following active and passive sentences. Both describe the same action but using different constructions: –“Godzilla sees the city.” active present –“The city is seen by Godzilla.” passive present “sees” is replaced by “is,” then “seen” is added.

13 Shelmerdine Chapter The present and imperfect passive of thematic verbs Compare the following active and passive sentences. Both describe the same action but using different constructions : –“Godzilla was destroying the city.” active imperfect –“The city was being destroyed by Godzilla.” passive imperfect “was destroying” is replaced by “was being,” then “destroyed” is added.

14 Shelmerdine Chapter The present and imperfect passive of thematic verbs In the present and imperfect tenses, active and passive Greek verbs differ only in their personal endings.

15 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 ACTIVE singular λύω (I loose) λύεις (you loose) λύει (s/he, it looses) plural λύομεν (we loose) λύετε (you, y’all loose) λύουσι (they loose) PASSIVE singular λύομαι (I am loosed) λύῃ/λύει (you are loosed) λύεται (s/he, it is loosed) plural λυόμεθα (we are loosed) λύεσθε (y’all are loosed) λύονται (they are loosed) present tense λύεσαι = λύ+ε+(σ)+αι  λύῃ or λύει

16 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 PASSIVE singular λύομαι (I am loosed) λύῃ/λύει (you are loosed) λύεται (s/he, it is loosed) plural λυόμεθα (we are loosed) λύεσθε (y’all are loosed) λύονται (they are loosed) present tense λύεσαι = λύ+ε+(σ)+αι  λύῃ or λύει Note the final –αι is short for purposes of accent (1 st sg and 3 rd sg & pl). These endings are the same as those you learned for the future of εἰμί.

17 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 ACTIVE singular ἔλυον (I was loosing) ἔλυες (you were loosing) ἔλυε (s/he, it was loosing) plural ἐλύομεν (we were loosing) ἐλύετε (y’all were loosing) ἔλυον (they were loosing) PASSIVE singular ἐλυόμην (I was being loosed) ἐλύου (you were being loosed) ἐλύετο (s/he, it was being loosed) plural ἐλυόμεθα (we were being loosed) ἐλύεσθε (y’all were being loosed) ἐλύοντο (they were being loosed) imperfect tense ἐλύεσο = ἐλύ+ε+(σ)+ο  ἐλύου

18 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 parse/parsing 1 st, 2 nd or 3 RD PERSON SINGULAR or PLURAL PRESENT, IMPERFECT, FUTURE, or AORIST INDICATIVE, IMPERATIVE, or INFINITIVE ACTIVE, PASSIVE

19 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

20 Shelmerdine Chapter Genitive of personal agent When the verb is passive, the agent of the action goes in the genitive following ὑπό : –ὁ Περικλῆς διώκει τοὺς Πέρσας. “Pericles pursues the Persians.” (active) –οἱ Πέρσαι διώκονται ὑπὸ τοῦ Περικλέους. “The Persians are pursued by Pericles.” (passive)

21 Shelmerdine Chapter Genitive of agent An instrument is expressed by the dative, whether the verb is active or passive: –ὁ Περικλῆς διώκει ἁμάξῃ τοὺς Πέρσας. “Pericles pursues the Persians in a chariot.” –οἱ Πέρσαι διώκονται ἁμάξῃ ὑπὸ τοῦ Περικλέους. “The Persians are pursued by Pericles in a chariot.” –οἱ Πέρσαι διώκονται ἁμάξαις. “The Persians are pursued by chariots.”

22 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

23 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns A few nouns in Greek are recognizably 3 rd declension but undergo unpredictable stem changes. –γυνή, γυναικός ἡ “woman” has the stem γυναικ -. –the nominative singular irregularly contracts to γυνή. –the vocative, by rule, drops the final - κ. –all genitive and dative forms accent the ultima.

24 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns Thus the forms of γυνή, γυναικός ἡ “woman” singular Nom. γυνή Gen. γυναικός Dat. γυναικί Acc. γυναῖκα Voc. γύναι plural Nom. γυναῖκες Gen. γυναικῶν Dat. γυναιξί Acc. γυναῖκας Voc. = nom.

25 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns A few nouns in Greek are recognizably 3 rd declension but undergo unpredictable stem changes. –ναῦς, νεώς ἡ “ship” displays shifts in its stem vowel.

26 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns Thus the forms of ναῦς, νεώς ἡ “ship” singular Nom. ναῦς Gen. νεώς Dat. νηΐ Acc. ναῦν Voc. ναῦ plural Nom. νῆες Gen. νεῶν Dat. ναυσί Acc. ναῦς Voc. = nom.

27 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns A few nouns in Greek are recognizably 3 rd declension but undergo unpredictable stem changes. –ὕδωρ, ὕδατος τό “water” has a stem in - τ, but the nom./acc./voc. singular shows - ρ.

28 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns Thus the forms of ὕδωρ, ὕδατος τό “water” singular Nom. ὕδωρ Gen. ὕδατος Dat. ὕδατι Acc. = nom. Voc. = nom. plural Nom. ὕδατα Gen. ὑδάτων Dat. ὕδασι Acc. = nom. Voc. = nom. dat. pl.: ὕδατσι  ὕδασι

29 Shelmerdine Chapter Irregular 3 rd declension nouns Ζεῦς, Διός ὁ “Zeus” has a unique declension: singular Nom. Ζεῦς Gen. Διός Dat. Διΐ Acc. Δία Voc. Ζεῦ

30 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

31 Shelmerdine Chapter The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) The aorist and future tenses form the passive differently from present and imperfect tenses.

32 Shelmerdine Chapter The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) The aorist passive indicative –adds an augment to the beginning of the stem, as in the active –adds the marker - θη - or just - η - to the end of the stem –The personal endings are the secondary endings of the – μι conjugation (compare the imperfect forms of εἰμί and φημί and even the endings of the weak [1 st ] aorist active).

33 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 singular ἐλύθην (I was loosed) ἐλύθης (you were loosed) ἐλύθη (s/he, it was loosed) plural ἐλύθημεν (we were loosed) ἐλύθητε (y’all were loosed) ἐλύθησαν (they were loosed) aorist passive stem = augment + λυ + θη Note the addition of both the augment and θη to the stem.

34 Shelmerdine Chapter The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) The sixth (and final) principal part is the 1 st person aorist indicative passive. –Note that we have skipped the fourth and fifth principal parts (the perfect system, introduced in Chapter 30). This part always ends in - ην : –λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα, λέλυκα, λέλυμαι, ἐλύθην

35 Shelmerdine Chapter The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) This part always ends in - ην : –λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα, λέλυκα, λέλυμαι, ἐλύθην To form the aorist passive, you can always replace the final –ν with: -ν (1 st sg) -μεν (1 st pl) -ς (2 nd sg) -τε (2 nd pl) - (3 rd sg) -σαν (3 rd pl)

36 Shelmerdine Chapter rd declension nouns: stems in diphthongs 2.The present and imperfect passive indicative of thematic verbs (1 st principal part) 3.Genitive of personal agent 4.Irregular 3 rd declension nouns 5.The aorist passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) 6.The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part)

37 Shelmerdine Chapter The future passive indicative of thematic verbs (6 th principal part) The future passive indicative –adds the markers -θη- and -σ- to the end of the stem –the personal endings are the same as those for the present passive.

38 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 singular λυθήσομαι (I will be loosed) λυθήσῃ/ει (you will be loosed) λυθήσεται (s/he, it will be loosed) plural λυθησόμεθα (we will be loosed) λυθήσεσθε (y’all will be loosed) λυθήσονται (they will be loosed) future passive stem = λυ + θη + σ Note the addition of both the θη and σ to the stem.

39 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 for tomorrow (Wednesday, December 7, 2005): Quiz: Chapter 15 Vocabulary –Verbs: omit ἀπολαύνω –Nouns: omit γραῦς, Ζεύς

40 Salamis Athens

41 Salamis in the fog (viewed from Athens)

42 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 παρῆν δὲ ἐν τῇ ναυμαχίᾳ ἡ τῶν Ἁλικαρνασσέων βασίλεια, ὀνόματι Ἀρτεμισία. ἐπεὶ δ' αἱ τῶν Περσῶν νῆες ἐπιέζοντο καὶ ἐβλάπτοντο ὑπὸ τῶν Ἑλλήνων, ἡ τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας ναῦς ἐδιώκετο νηΐ Ἀττικῇ·

43 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 παρῆν δὲ ἐν τῇ ναυμαχίᾳ ἡ τῶν Ἁλικαρνασσέων βασίλεια, ὀνόματι Ἀρτεμισία. ἐπεὶ δ' αἱ τῶν Περσῶν νῆες ἐπιέζοντο καὶ ἐβλάπτοντο ὑπὸ τῶν Ἑλλήνων, ἡ τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας ναῦς ἐδιώκετο νηΐ Ἀττικῇ·

44 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 παρῆν δὲ ἐν τῇ ναυμαχίᾳ ἡ τῶν Ἁλικαρνασσέων βασίλεια, ὀνόματι Ἀρτεμισία. ἐπεὶ δ' αἱ τῶν Περσῶν νῆες ἐπιέζοντο καὶ ἐβλάπτοντο ὑπὸ τῶν Ἑλλήνων, ἡ τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας ναῦς ἐδιώκετο νηΐ Ἀττικῇ·

45 Ἁλικαρνασσός Ἀθῆναι

46 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 ἡ δὲ βασίλεια οὐχ οἵα τ' ἦν διαφυγεῖν (ἔμπροσθε γὰρ αὐτῆς ἦσαν ἄλλαι νῆες φίλιαι), ἐκέλευσεν οὖν τοὺς ναύτας ἐμβάλλειν νηῒ φιλίᾳ. ὡς δὲ κατέδυσεν αὐτὴν, εὐτυχίᾳ ἡ βασίλεια εὖ ἔπραξεν. ὁ μὲν γὰρ τῆς Ἀττικῆς νεὼς τριήραρχος ἐνόμισε τὴν ναῦν τὴν τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας Ἑλληνικὴν εἶναι, ἢ τοὺς ναύτας αὐτομόλους εἶναι ἐκ τῶν βαρβάρων. οὐκέτι οὖν ἐδίωξεν αὐτήν, ἀλλ' ἐνέβαλλεν ἄλλαις ναυσίν· καὶ οὕτως ἡ Ἀρτεμισία ἐκ τῆς μάχης διέφυγεν.

47 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 ἡ δὲ βασίλεια οὐχ οἵα τ' ἦν διαφυγεῖν (ἔμπροσθε γὰρ αὐτῆς ἦσαν ἄλλαι νῆες φίλιαι), ἐκέλευσεν οὖν τοὺς ναύτας ἐμβάλλειν νηῒ φιλίᾳ. ὡς δὲ κατέδυσεν αὐτὴν, εὐτυχίᾳ ἡ βασίλεια εὖ ἔπραξεν. ὁ μὲν γὰρ τῆς Ἀττικῆς νεὼς τριήραρχος ἐνόμισε τὴν ναῦν τὴν τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας Ἑλληνικὴν εἶναι, ἢ τοὺς ναύτας αὐτομόλους εἶναι ἐκ τῶν βαρβάρων. οὐκέτι οὖν ἐδίωξεν αὐτήν, ἀλλ' ἐνέβαλλεν ἄλλαις ναυσίν· καὶ οὕτως ἡ Ἀρτεμισία ἐκ τῆς μάχης διέφυγεν.

48 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 ἡ δὲ βασίλεια οὐχ οἵα τ' ἦν διαφυγεῖν (ἔμπροσθε γὰρ αὐτῆς ἦσαν ἄλλαι νῆες φίλιαι), ἐκέλευσεν οὖν τοὺς ναύτας ἐμβάλλειν νηῒ φιλίᾳ. ὡς δὲ κατέδυσεν αὐτὴν, εὐτυχίᾳ ἡ βασίλεια εὖ ἔπραξεν. ὁ μὲν γὰρ τῆς Ἀττικῆς νεὼς τριήραρχος ἐνόμισε τὴν ναῦν τὴν τῆς Ἀρτεμισίας Ἑλληνικὴν εἶναι, ἢ τοὺς ναύτας αὐτομόλους εἶναι ἐκ τῶν βαρβάρων. οὐκέτι οὖν ἐδίωξεν αὐτήν, ἀλλ' ἐνέβαλλεν ἄλλαις ναυσίν· καὶ οὕτως ἡ Ἀρτεμισία ἐκ τῆς μάχης διέφυγεν.

49 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 τὸ δὲ τῆς βασιλείας ἔργον φανερὸν ἦν τῷ Ξέρξῃ· βασιλεὺς γὰρ αὐτὸς ἐν ὑψηλῷ θρόνῳ ἐπὶ τῆς ἀκτῆς ἐκάθιζεν. ἔλεξε δέ Πέρσης αὐτῷ· Δέσποτα, ἡ Ἀρτεμεσία ναῦν τῶν πολεμίων κατέδυσεν. ὁ δὲ Ξέρξης πρῶτον μὲν οὐκ ἐπίστευεν αὐτῷ, τέλος δ' ἐπείθετο· μάλιστα δ' ἐθαύμαζε τὴν τῆς βασιλείας ἀρετήν. Οἱ μὲν ἄνδρες, ἔφη, νῦν εἰσι γυναῖκες, αἱ δὲ γυναῖκες ἄνδρες.

50 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 τὸ δὲ τῆς βασιλείας ἔργον φανερὸν ἦν τῷ Ξέρξῃ· βασιλεὺς γὰρ αὐτὸς ἐν ὑψηλῷ θρόνῳ ἐπὶ τῆς ἀκτῆς ἐκάθιζεν. ἔλεξε δέ Πέρσης αὐτῷ· Δέσποτα, ἡ Ἀρτεμεσία ναῦν τῶν πολεμίων κατέδυσεν. ὁ δὲ Ξέρξης πρῶτον μὲν οὐκ ἐπίστευεν αὐτῷ, τέλος δ' ἐπείθετο· μάλιστα δ' ἐθαύμαζε τὴν τῆς βασιλείας ἀρετήν. Οἱ μὲν ἄνδρες, ἔφη, νῦν εἰσι γυναῖκες, αἱ δὲ γυναῖκες ἄνδρες.

51 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 τὸ δὲ τῆς βασιλείας ἔργον φανερὸν ἦν τῷ Ξέρξῃ· βασιλεὺς γὰρ αὐτὸς ἐν ὑψηλῷ θρόνῳ ἐπὶ τῆς ἀκτῆς ἐκάθιζεν. ἔλεξε δέ Πέρσης αὐτῷ· Δέσποτα, ἡ Ἀρτεμεσία ναῦν τῶν πολεμίων κατέδυσεν. ὁ δὲ Ξέρξης πρῶτον μὲν οὐκ ἐπίστευεν αὐτῷ, τέλος δ' ἐπείθετο· μάλιστα δ' ἐθαύμαζε τὴν τῆς βασιλείας ἀρετήν. Οἱ μὲν ἄνδρες, ἔφη, νῦν εἰσι γυναῖκες, αἱ δὲ γυναῖκες ἄνδρες.

52 Shelmerdine Chapter 15 Pages (between Chapters 15 and 16) contain a reference chart of the principal parts of all the verbs from Chapters 1-15.

53 Shelmerdine Chapter καὶ ποιμένες ἦσαν ἐν τῇ χώρᾳ τῇ αὐτῇ ἀγραυλοῦντες καὶ φυλάσσοντες φυλακὰς τῆς νυκτὸς ἐπὶ τὴν ποίμνην αὐτῶν. 9. καὶ ἄγγελος κυρίου ἐπέστη αὐτοῖς καὶ δόξα κυρίου περιέλαμψεν αὐτούς, καὶ ἐφοβήθησαν φόβον μέγαν. ἄγγελος –ου ὁ messenger, angel ἀγραυλοῦντες “(being) outside” ἐπέστη “stood beside” (3 rd sg. aor. indic. act.) κύριος –ου ὁ lord μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγαν big περιλάμπω shine around ποίμνη –ης ἡ flock φοβέομαι, φοβήσομαι, ἐφοβησάμην, … ἐφοβήθην fear φόβος –ου ὁ fear φυλάσσοντες φυλακὰς guarding

54 Shelmerdine Chapter καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὁ ἄγγελος, Μὴ φοβεῖσθε, ἰδοὺ γὰρ εὐαγγελίζομαι ὑμῖν χαρὰν μεγάλην ἥτις ἔσται παντὶ τῷ λαῷ, 11. ὅτι ἐτέχθη ὑμῖν σήμερον σωτὴρ ὅς ἐστιν Χριστὸς κύριος ἐν πόλει Δαυίδ· ἄγγελος –ου ὁ messenger, angel Δαυίδ ὁ (indeclinable) David εἶπεν “said” (3d sg. aor. indic. act.) εὐαγγελίζομαι bring good news ἰδού Look! κύριος –ου ὁ lord λαός –οῦ ὁ people μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγαν big παντὶ all (masc. dat. sg.) σήμερον today σωτήρ, σωτῆρος ὁ savior τίκτω, τέξομαι, ἔτεκον, … ἐτέχθην bear, give birth to (pass: be born) ὑμῖν you (dat. pl.) χαρά -ᾶς ἡ joy

55 Shelmerdine Chapter καὶ τοῦτο ὑμῖν τὸ σημεῖον, εὑρήσετε βρέφος ἐσπαργανωμένον καὶ κείμενον ἐν φάτνῃ. βρέφος –ους τό infant ἐσπαργανωμένον “wrapped in baby clothes” εὑρίσκω, εὑρήσω, εὗρον, εὕρηκα, εὑρέθην find κείμενον “lying” σημεῖον –ου τό sign τοῦτο this (neut. nom. sg.) ὑμῖν you (dat. pl.) φάτνη –ης ἡ manger, stable

56 Shelmerdine Chapter καὶ ἐξαίφνης ἐγένετο σὺν τῷ ἀγγέλῳ πλῆθος στρατιᾶς οὐρανίου αἰνούντων τὸν θεὸν καὶ λεγόντων, 14. Δόξα ἐν ὑψίστοις θεῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκίας. ἄγγελος –ου ὁ messenger, angel αἰνούντων praising ἐγένετο = ἦν ἐξαίφνης suddenly εὐδοκία –ας ἡ good will λεγόντων “saying” οὐράνιος –ον heavenly πλῆθος –ους τό crowd ὑψιστος –η –ον highest

57 Shelmerdine Chapter 14 The Final Exam will be Saturday, December 17, :30am – 9:30am

58 Shelmerdine Chapter 14 The Final Exam has four parts: –A. Given the principal parts of a regular verb, write out all the forms of the present, imperfect, and aorist passive (18 pts). –B. Given a third declension noun and an adjective, decline the pair, along with the definite article (26 pts). –C. Translate a short Greek passage into English (40 pts). –D. Parse selected words from the passage (1 pt per bit of parsing information = 16 pts).

59 Shelmerdine Chapter 14 The Final Exam has four parts: –For B., the noun will be one of σῶμα, σώματος τό “body” (Chapter 8) ἔρως, ἔρωτος ὁ “love” (Chapter 9) νύξ, νυκτός ἡ “night” (Chapter 9) λέων, λέοντος ὁ “lion” (Chapter 9) τεῖχος, τείχους τό “wall” (Chapter 12) πόλις, πόλεως ἡ “city” (Chapter 13) –The adjective will be αὐτός -ή -ό see Chapter for declension and rules for position


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