2 Imperfect Tense In Greek Expresses Continuous Action in the Past.Occurs Only in the Indicative Mood.Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
3 Recognition of Endings* Active Voice2nd singular1st plural2nd pluralMiddle/Passive Voice1st singular2 singular3rd singular* Mounce 21.15
4 Imperfect Tense in Greek Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
5 Built on the First Principal Part (a.k.a., the Present Tense Stem). Imperfect TenseBuilt on the First Principal Part (a.k.a., the Present Tense Stem).
6 Imperfect Is Built on Present Stem Present TenseImperfectἀκούωἔχωλέγωἔρχομαιγινώσκωβάλλωἤκούονεἶχονἔλεγονἠρχόμηνἐγίνωσκονἔβαλλον
7 Imperfect Tense in Greek Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
8 The Augment Only occurs in the Indicative Mood. Only occurs in Secondary Tenses (imperfect, aorist, pluperfect).If the stem begins in a consonant, augment is ἐ-If the stem begins in a vowel, the stem vowel lengthens (long vowels are η and ω).If the stem begins in a diphthong, either the first vowel of the diphthong lengthens or the diphthong is not changed.In a compound verb, the augment is between the preposition & stem (e.g. καταβαίνω in present becomes κατέβαινον in imperfect).
9 Imperfect Is Built on Present Stem Present TenseImperfectἀκούωἔχωλέγωἔρχομαιγινώσκωβάλλωἤκούον (α lengthens to η)εἶχον (irregular; cf )ἔλεγον (ε added to stem)ἠρχόμην (α lengthens to η)ἐγίνωσκον (ε added to stem)ἔβαλλον (ε added to stem)
10 Active Voice, Indicative Mood λέγω - Presentλέγω – Imperfectformtranslation1 sgλέγωI am saying2 sgλέγειςYou are saying3 sgλέγειShe/he it is saying1 plλέγομενWe are saying2 plλέγετε3 plλέγουσι(ν)They are sayingformtranslation1 sgἔλεγονI was saying2 sgἔλεγεςYou were saying3 sgἔλεγε(ν)She/he/it was saying1 plἐλέγομενWe were saying2 plἐλέγετε3 plThey were saying
11 Middle Voice (Deponent), Indicative Mood ἔρχομαι - Presentἠρχόμην – Imperfectformtranslation1 sgἔρχομαιI am coming2 sgἔρχῃYou are coming3 sgἔρχεταιShe/he it is coming1 plἔρχομεθαWe are coming2 plἔρχεσθε3 plἔρχονταιThey are comingformtranslation1 sgἠρχόμηνI was coming2 sgἤρχουYou were coming3 sgἤρχετοShe/he/it was coming1 plἠρχόμεθαWe were coming2 plἤρχεσθε3 plἤρχοντοThey were coming
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