2Imperfect Tense In Greek Expresses Continuous Action in the Past.Occurs Only in the Indicative Mood.Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
3Recognition of Endings* Active Voice2nd singular1st plural2nd pluralMiddle/Passive Voice1st singular2 singular3rd singular* Mounce 21.15
4Imperfect Tense in Greek Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
5Built on the First Principal Part (a.k.a., the Present Tense Stem). Imperfect TenseBuilt on the First Principal Part (a.k.a., the Present Tense Stem).
6Imperfect Is Built on Present Stem Present TenseImperfectἀκούωἔχωλέγωἔρχομαιγινώσκωβάλλωἤκούονεἶχονἔλεγονἠρχόμηνἐγίνωσκονἔβαλλον
7Imperfect Tense in Greek Look for:Secondary Personal Endings.Present Tense Stem (a.k.a. the first principal part).Augment.
8The Augment Only occurs in the Indicative Mood. Only occurs in Secondary Tenses (imperfect, aorist, pluperfect).If the stem begins in a consonant, augment is ἐ-If the stem begins in a vowel, the stem vowel lengthens (long vowels are η and ω).If the stem begins in a diphthong, either the first vowel of the diphthong lengthens or the diphthong is not changed.In a compound verb, the augment is between the preposition & stem (e.g. καταβαίνω in present becomes κατέβαινον in imperfect).
9Imperfect Is Built on Present Stem Present TenseImperfectἀκούωἔχωλέγωἔρχομαιγινώσκωβάλλωἤκούον (α lengthens to η)εἶχον (irregular; cf )ἔλεγον (ε added to stem)ἠρχόμην (α lengthens to η)ἐγίνωσκον (ε added to stem)ἔβαλλον (ε added to stem)
10Active Voice, Indicative Mood λέγω - Presentλέγω – Imperfectformtranslation1 sgλέγωI am saying2 sgλέγειςYou are saying3 sgλέγειShe/he it is saying1 plλέγομενWe are saying2 plλέγετε3 plλέγουσι(ν)They are sayingformtranslation1 sgἔλεγονI was saying2 sgἔλεγεςYou were saying3 sgἔλεγε(ν)She/he/it was saying1 plἐλέγομενWe were saying2 plἐλέγετε3 plThey were saying
11Middle Voice (Deponent), Indicative Mood ἔρχομαι - Presentἠρχόμην – Imperfectformtranslation1 sgἔρχομαιI am coming2 sgἔρχῃYou are coming3 sgἔρχεταιShe/he it is coming1 plἔρχομεθαWe are coming2 plἔρχεσθε3 plἔρχονταιThey are comingformtranslation1 sgἠρχόμηνI was coming2 sgἤρχουYou were coming3 sgἤρχετοShe/he/it was coming1 plἠρχόμεθαWe were coming2 plἤρχεσθε3 plἤρχοντοThey were coming