Athematic - μι verbs 1.2 Imperative of δίδωμι Imperative morpheme added directly to verbal root Only second person imperatives in NT ACTIVE. imp.Present2 nd aorist Sg. 2 δίδουδος Sg. 3 διδότωδότω Pl. 2 δίδοτεδότε Pl. 3 διδότωσανδότωσαν
Athematic - μι verbs MIDDLE. imp.Present2 nd aorist Sg. 2 δίδοσο δο ῦ Sg. 3 διδόσθωδόσθω Pl. 2 δίδοσθεδόσθε Pl. 3 διδόσθωσανδόσθωσαν PASSIVE. imp.Present2 nd aorist Sg. 2 δίδοσοδοθήτι Sg. 3 διδόσθωδοθήτω Pl. 2 δίδοσθεδόθητε Pl. 3 διδόσθωσανδοθήτωσαν
Athematic - μι verbs 2.1 Conditional Sentence Review of conditional sentence [learned so far] Protasis – apodosis [if…then…] Protasis [ ἐ άν + verb in subj.]- apodosis [vb: any mood/tense ] Future more probable – condition that might be true in the future Present general – condition that is generally true [vb. in apodosis must be in the present tense] Only protasis is conditional – if protasis is true then apodosis is true as well. NOTE: conditional sentences overlap (details, see Wallace 1996, )
Athematic - μι verbs First class conditional sentences “Condition of fact” “if something is true [let’s assume it is], then such and such will occur” Protasis introduced w/ ε ἰ and the verb is in indicative ε ἰ ἡ δεξία σου χε ὶ ρ σκανδαλίζει σε, ἔ κκοψον α ὐ τήν If your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off. ε ἰ γ ὰ ρ πιστεύομεν ὅ τι Ἰ ησο ῦ ς ἀ πέθανεν κα ὶ ἀ νέστη, ο ὕ τως κα ὶ ὁ θε ὸ ς το ὺ ς κοιμηθέντας δι ὰ το ῦ Ἰ ησο ῦ ἄ ξει σ ὺ ν α ὐ τ ῷ For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God through Jesus, will bring with him those who have fallen asleep
Athematic - μι verbs Second Class Conditional Sentences “Contrary to fact” “if something is true [though it’s not] then such and such will occur” [falseness of the protasis is assumed in the argument] Protasis is introduced w/ ε ἰ and indicative verb; apodosis normally has ἄ ν + indicative verb [same tense as protasis] ε ἰ γ ὰ ρ ἔ γνωσαν, ο ὐ κ ἄ ν τ ὸ ν κύριον τ ῆ ς δόξης ἐ σταύρωσαν For if they had known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory (1 Cor 2:8)
Athematic - μι verbs Third and Fourth Class Conditional Sentences More details on third class on pp More details on optative and fourth class pp ClassProtasisApodosis Third class ἐ άν + subjunctive Negated by μή Any mood any tense Fourth class ε ἰ + optative ἄ ν + optative
Athematic - μι verbs 2.2 Summary of Moods MoodsIndicativeSubjunctiveOptativeImperative Greek example λύεις λύ ῃ ς λύοις λῦελῦε PortrayalCertain / asserted Probable/ desirable PossibleIntended TranslationYou are loosing/ you loose You might be loosing/ you should be loosing You may be loosing Loose!
Athematic - μι verbs Practice Parsing and warm-up p. 147 Homework: pp no: 4-7, 9