Παρουσίαση με θέμα: "Class IV – Third Declension nouns"— Μεταγράφημα παρουσίασης:
1 Class IV – Third Declension nouns LAN 401 Beginning Greek IClass IV – Third Declension nouns
2 Third Declension Nouns 1.1 Introduction – 3rd declensionFirst and second declensionI-declension: Stems end in alpha or etaἡ γραφήII-declension: stems end in omicronὁ ἀπόστολο - ς NOTE: Declension does not affect meaning!
3 Third Declension Nouns Nouns that end in a consonant – 3rd declension patternσαρκ + ων σαρκῶν (pl. fem. gen.) – no problems!σαρκ + ς > σαρκς σάρξ (sg. fem. nom.)Two main differences with 3rd declension:1.) Contractions – consonants react to case endings2. ) Different case endings from 1st – and 2nd declensions
6 Third Declension Nouns CaseMasc. & Fem.Neut.Nom. Sg.τίςτίτιςτιGen. Sg.τίνοςτινόςDat. Sg.τίνιτινίAcc. Sg.τίνατινάNom. Pl.τίνεςτινέςGen. Pl.τίνωντινῶνDat. Pl.τίσι(ν)τισί(ν)Acc. Pl.τίναςτινάςΤίς is the interrogative pronoun (e.g. “who?”) accent on the 1st syllableτις (no accent) is the indefinite pronoun (anyone) no accent or accent on 2nd syllable
8 Third Declension Nouns 1.2 Learning 3rd declensionRemember the gender of every word!Look at the article – article always stays the same!ὁ οἶκος τῇς σαρκόςThe house of the flesh (gen.sg.) The house of the flesh
9 Third Declension Nouns τας σάρκας βλέπουσι οἱ ἀπόστολοιthe flesh (pl.acc.) they see the apostles The apostles see the flesh
10 Third Declension Nouns 1.3 Square of Stops – for 3rd declension nounsA stop is a consonant whose sound is formed by slowing down or completely stopping the flow of air through the mouthLabials: π, β, φ -use lips to impede the airflowPalatal/velar: κ, γ, χ - push up the tongue against the ‘palate’Dental: τ, δ, θ - click the tongue against the back of teeth
11 Third Declension Nouns Square of stops & 3rd declension:Whatever happens to one stem ending in dental happens to allSquareofstopsLabialsπβφVelarκγχDentalτδθ
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