Η παρουσίαση φορτώνεται. Παρακαλείστε να περιμένετε

Η παρουσίαση φορτώνεται. Παρακαλείστε να περιμένετε

ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION http//:www.mlsi.gov.cy/dli Emission Inventory in Cyprus Dr Chrysanthos Savvides.

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Παρουσίαση με θέμα: "ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION http//:www.mlsi.gov.cy/dli Emission Inventory in Cyprus Dr Chrysanthos Savvides."— Μεταγράφημα παρουσίασης:

1 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION http//:www.mlsi.gov.cy/dli Emission Inventory in Cyprus Dr Chrysanthos Savvides

2 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 2 Emissions Inventory in Cyprus “Development of an emission inventory including formation of a database for atmospheric pollutant emissions and a software for simulation and forecast of air quality in Cyprus” Objectives: – –Collection of activity data from all emission-generating sources – –Development of an emissions database based on the methodology of the EMEP/EEA Emission Inventory Guidebook – –Development of a GIS application for the presentation of activity data and emissions on digital maps – –Development of a web-based application for the evaluation and management of air quality

3 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 3 Data Sources Annual reports (Condition under the Air Emission Permit) National data offices (e.g. Statistical Service) and Government Departments Questionnaires sent to industries Measurements conducted external team – –road traffic counts – –PM concentrations at quarries Older data from similar measurements available Other research projects, literature

4 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 4 Road traffic data More than hour measurements of traffic load, traffic composition and average speed at urban, rural and highway roads were carried out. Measurements conducted at various days of the week, covering both weekdays and weekends and also winter and summer conditions. Older data from traffic measurements were also used (2006 and 2007 traffic census) conducted by the Public Works Department.

5 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 5 Road traffic measurements

6 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 6 Road traffic measurements

7 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 7 PM measurements at quarries PM measurements (TSP and PM 10 ) conducted at 7 quarries For each quarry, hour measurements were conducted by means of 4 High Volume Samplers Meteorological data and quarry activity also recorded Data used for producing emission factors

8 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 8 Software for EI Input all necessary data (emission factors and activity data) Emission estimation per source View all data in several forms or reports Execute the emission inventory Save all these data in a simple database

9 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 9

10 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 10

11 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 11 Software Flowchart

12 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 12 Application based on open- source code Presentation of data on digital maps Dynamic content, map creation on user demand Linked to Air Quality Management System GIS application

13 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 13 Total annual PM 10 emissions Emissions from all sources Distribution as point, linear and area sources 1 x 1 km resolution Total annual NOx emissions

14 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 14 Spatial and Temporal Resolution of Emissions Wednesday 5/7/2008, 22:00 – 23:00Wednesday 5/7/2008, 08:00 – 09:00 Wednesday 4/1/2008, 08:00 – 09:00Wednesday 4/1/2008, 22:00 – 23:00

15 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 15 NEC Pollutants Emission Inventory 1990 – 2008 Graphs

16 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 16 SO 2 Emissions in kt National Emission Ceiling

17 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 17 SO 2 Emissions in 2008

18 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 18 NO x Emissions in kt National Emission Ceiling

19 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 19 NO x Emissions in 2008

20 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 20 VOC Emissions in kt National Emission Ceiling

21 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 21 VOC Emissions in 2008

22 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 22 NH 3 Emissions in kt National Emission Ceiling

23 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 23 NH 3 Emissions in 2008

24 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 24 Main Emission Sources (2008) SOxNOxCOVOCNH 3 PM 10 Electricity Production94.6 %32.3 %1.1 %1.0 %0 %14.4 % Industrial Combustion3.8 %15.4 %15.6 %1.9 %0 %5.6 % International Aviation0.3 %4.0 %2.7 %0.9 %0 %0.2 % Road Transport0.3 %45.1 %76.6 %25.9 %6.7 %17.4 % Cement Production0 % 42.9 % Fuel Storage & Distribution0 % 8.6 %0 % Mining & Construction0 % 0.2 %0 %8.9 % Solvent Use0 % 39.8 %0 % Manure management0 % 20.6 %82.8%0.2 %

25 ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION 11 th joint EIONET/TFEIP meeting 25 Conclusions The main contributors to air pollution in Cyprus is electricity production, cement production and road transport. Continuous emission reduction from road transport sector due to the technological improvement and the fleet renewal. Emission reduction in electricity production due to the import and use of LNG as the main fuel from Merging of the two cement industries by the end of 2010 with new and environmental friendly cement production technology. With out any additional measures, continuous increasing of emission until 2013 (LNG as a main fuel in power sector).


Κατέβασμα ppt "ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR INSPECTION http//:www.mlsi.gov.cy/dli Emission Inventory in Cyprus Dr Chrysanthos Savvides."

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