Things to Review Vocab alpha-contracts article + δέ (“article at the beginning of a sentence”) neuter plural subjects (“agreement of subject and verb”) personal pronouns intensive αὐτός (“the adjective αὐτός) Possessive pronouns and adjectives Predicate Position
ὁ Φίλιππος λαγὼν ὁρᾷ ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ τρέχοντα καὶ βοᾷ, “ἴθι, δή, Ἄργε, δίωκε.” ὁ ρ ά ω, “See” uncontractedcontracted present indicative active: I seeὁρ-ά-ωὁρ-ῶ you seeὁρ-ά-ειςὁρ-ᾷς he/she/it seesὁρ-ά-ειὁρ-ᾷ we seeὁρ-ά-ομενὁρ-ῶμεν you seeὁρ-ά-ετεὁρ-ᾶτε they seeὁρ-ά-ουσῐ(ν)ὁρ-ῶσι(ν) present imperative, infinitive active (you sing.) see!ὅρ-α-εὅρ-ᾱ (you plur.) see!ὁρ-ά-ετεὁρ-ᾶτε to seeὁρ-ά-εινὁρ-ᾶν
Students’ Comments Moral focus? Dogmatic focus? –Acceptability of atheism? (Evidence for in the sources?) –Belief in free will? Religion as explanation of?... Professionalized priesthoods? –Informal priesthoods? Nature of prayer? –Relation to offerings –Role of sacrifice Poly- versus monotheism –Which god for what… –Polytheism a thing of the past Connection to/distance from the divine? –Universal versus limited presence
concepts, terms hiera (neut. plur.) = SACRIFICE “victim” = (animal) offering reciprocity Ram led to sacrifice
Athena Nike (Athens, Acropolis) altar naos religious space: the temple
temenos (sacred area) wall naos (god’s statue, offerings) pronaos (entry porch) altar (sacrifice) temple (cont.) main focus N east
Epithets, Function: Aphrodite epithetmeaningfunction OuraniaHeavenlymarriage, childbirth Pandemos“Everyone’s”marriage, politics, prostitution HegemoneLeader-GuideMilitary, civic,coming- of-age Kolias“She of Cape Kolias”marriage, fertility en kēpōi“In the Gardens”marriage, fertility (?) Pontiaof the seanavigation
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