Memory Verse -- Jn 1:1 Ἐ ν ἀ ρχ ῇ ἦ ν ὁ λόγος, in the beginning was the word κα ὶ ὁ λόγος ἦ ν πρ ὸ ς τ ὸ ν θεόν, and the word was with God κα ὶ θε ὸ ς ἦ ν ὁ λόγος. and the word was God
What is a preposition? Usually small words that relate two words or ideas in time, space or logic He went into the house. He went before the meeting. He came because he left his book. Adverbial: He went after the game. Adjectival: Pick up the book on the table.
Prepositional phrases String of closely connected words Prep. + Object of Prep. upon + the roof beside + the tree after + the song
Casing the prepositions Each preposition has a favorite case (two or three) that it takes. Do not use the keywords (of [Gen]; to/for/at [Dat]) with the cases when they go with a preposition. Prepositions often extend, specify or develop an aspect of the accompanying case
Remember another to look at case Accusative Dative Genitive Motion to/into in Motion away from in
One case prepositions: Genitive ἀ πό = from, of, because of, by + Genitive – Genitive has separation idea – ἀ π ὸ το ῦ νόμου -- from the law – ἀ φ’ ὑ μ ῶ ν -- from you – ἀ π’ α ὐ το ῦ –from him – Note if a prep. ends in a vowel and is followed by a word that starts with a vowel and a rough breathing, the vowel of the prep. will drop out and often the preceding consonant will be changed.
One case prepositions (Gen.) ἐ κ – from, out of, of, because of + Gen. – ἐ κ τ ῆ ς βασιλείας – out of the kingdom – ἐ ξ ο ὐ ρανο ῦ -- from heaven – ἐ κ and ἀ πό overlap ( ἐ κ = from the midst; ἀ πό from the edge [D&M]; and genitive of separation.
One case prepositions (Dat.) ἐ ν -- in, on, at, when, among + Dat. – ἐ ν τα ῖ ς καρδίαις – in the hearts σύν – with + Dat. – σ ὺ ν τ ῷ ἀ γγέλ ῳ – with the angel
One case prepositions (Acc.) ε ἰ ς -- into, to, in, among, for + Acc. – ε ἰ ς τ ὴ ν Πέτρου – Into Peter’s house – What is the difference between exegesis and eisogesis? πρός – to, toward, with + Acc. – πρ ὸ ς το ὺ ς μαθητάς – to the disciples
4-Two case prepositions διά -- (Gen.) through, by, during – δι ὰ Ἰ ερεμίου το ῦ προφήτου – through Jeremiah the prophet διά -- (Acc.) because of – δι ὰ τ ὸ ν λόγον – because of the word – δι’ α ὐ τόν –on account of him
4-Two case prepositions κατά -- (Gen.) down, against – κατ ὰ το ῦ λαο ῦ – against the people κατά -- (Acc.) according to, during – ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ – According to John – καθ’ ἡ μέραν – during a day – κατ’ α ὐ τόν – according to him
4-Two case prepositions μετά -- (Gen.) with – μετ ὰ Ἰ ησο ῦ το ῦ Ναζωραίου – with Jesus of Nazareth – μετ’ α ὐ το ῦ – with him μετά -- (Acc.) after – μεθ’ ἡ μέρας ἕ ξ – after six days
4-Two case prepositions περί -- (Gen.) for, concerning – περ ὶ τ ῶ ν δύο ἀ δελφ ῶ ν – concerning the two brothers περί -- (Acc.) around, about – περ ὶ τ ὴ ν ἀ λήθειαν – about the truth
1-Three case preposition e]pi< ἐ πί -- (Gen.) on, over – ἐ π ὶ γ ῆ ς -- on earth ἐ πί -- (Dat.) on, at, against, on the basis of – πατ ὴ ρ ἐ π ὶ υ ἱῷ κα ὶ υ ἱὸ ς ἐ π ὶ πατρί – father against a son and a son against father ἐ πί -- (Acc.) on, to, toward, against – ἐ π ὶ το ὺ ς μαθητ ὰ ς α ὐ το ῦ – to his disciples
Prepositional Circle of Life περί around, about ἐ πί on, over. against ε ἰ ς into, to, in διά Through, Because of πρός to, with κατά against, down, According to ἐ ν – in, at, when ἐ κ out of, from ἀ πό From, of σύν – with μετά -- with, after
Elision Prepositions ending in a vowel often drop the final vowel when it comes before a word that begins with a vowel. – δι’ ἐ μο ῦ = (διά + ἐ μο ῦ ) through me If there is a rough breathing mark on the next word, the final consonant may shift. – μεθ’ ἡ μέρας after days
Proclitics and Compounds ἐ ν, ε ἰ ς, and ἐ κ are proclitics Prepositions often compound with other words: direction, intensifiers – διά + βλέπω through + I see – I see clearly
Prepositions Moves Chant ἐ πί περί πρός ε ἰ ς διά ἐ ν ἐ κ ἀ πό κατά σύν μετά