Internet in schools The internet is mostly used for: Informative purposes. Learning students to use the internet as an information resource. Communication via e-mail. Learning teachers to use internet as a resource. Browsing databases.
Νumber of students per computer Observations The graph shows that the range of country’s Scores is very large. From 9 (Scotland) to 880 (Romania),1995 TIMSS From 9 (Denmark) to 238 (Bulgaria),1998 SITES
Νumber of students per computer Observations Ιn European countries which took part in both surveys, the number of students between 1995 and 1998, decreased 39% on average. Central and Eastern European countries (Bulgaria, Lithuania, Slovenia, Hungary) are less well-equipped than most others. Between 1995 and 1998,the decrease in number of students per computer ranged from 23% (Lithuania) to 70% (Slovenia).
National Initiatives eEurope-ICT (Πολιτική πρωτοβουλία) Να εισάγει κάθε πολίτη, σπίτι και σχολείο, κάθε επιχείρηση και δημόσια διοίκηση στην ψηφιακή εποχή και να αποκαταστήσει για όλους ηλεκτρονική σύνδεση. Να δημιουργήσει μια ψηφιακά εγγράμματη Ευρώπη, στηριζόμενη σε μια επιχειρηματική παιδεία που είναι πρόθυμη να χρηματοδοτήσει και να αναπτύξει νέες ιδέες. Να διασφαλίσει ότι όλη η διαδικασία δεν θα δημιουργεί κοινωνικό αποκλεισμό, θα συμβάλει στην οικοδόμηση της εμπιστοσύνης των καταναλωτών και θα ενισχύει την κοινωνική συνοχή.
National Initiatives This initiative has 4 components To equip schools with multimedia computers. To train European teachers in digital technologies. To develop European educational software. To speed up the networking of schools and teachers.
National Initiatives Estonia In some schools,senior pupils are required to spend four hours a week on mentoring and tutoring younger children, acting as a mediator between them and their teachers. Significant benefits for the children
National Initiatives Poland The Interkl@sa programme aims to… To prepare young people for work in the information society. Develop schools as modern centres for innovation and creation. Establish an Internet workshop in each commune.
National Initiatives Italy An experimental teaching project called ‘Multilab’ (multimedia laboratory) aims to revolutionise teaching in classrooms. A network of 7 schools has been set up in each of the 20 cities involved in the project. More motivations to the children to attend the lessons.
National Initiatives Slovenia The aim of the ‘Developing computer literacy’ is to: Train teachers and pupils for the use of information technology. Implement a standardization, of computer supported, transfer of data between schools and other institutions. Supply schools with up-to-date computers. Provide the possibilities for research and development of new information technologies in schools.
National Initiatives Spain All Spanish state schools have an official account and space to publish a web page. Many schools have created their own website. All teachers and pupils have the opportunity to ask for a personal account e-mail and access to the Internet. Around 65000 teachers have an account.
National Initiatives Ireland A new 3-year programme aims to: Every classroom will be connected to the internet. The ratio of computers to pupils will be significantly reduced. Ireland’s teachers will have the most comprehensive on-going training programme in the world available to them. Ireland will use technology to implement the most advanced curriculum programme in the world.
Questions-Answers How would it be possible to create partnership with organizations which could help to increase the availability of computers in schools? Belgium (French) – 1998 partnership offering all primary and secondary school a ‘cyber centre’ : computers and facilities to connect to Internet. Estonia – The ‘Tiger leap’ programme is a national target programme with the overall objective of improving the educational system in Estonia through the introduction of modern ICT.
Questions -Answers Italy – 1999,companies and banks provided schools with their old (but perfectly working) computers. Portugal – New regulations on school administration and management, issued in 1998, created clusters of schools (agrupamentos) which allow for the sharing of human as well as material resources.
Questions -Answers Hardware alone cannot guarantee efficient use of ICT (information communication technology) in schools; teachers must be able to use ICT effectively themselves. How should teacher training in this field be organized? The importance of computer skills in today’s society is widely recognized. How should the use of computers in schools be organized in order to ensure that pupils acquire these skills? How can schools ensure that their equipment remains appropriate while costs are kept at a manageable level?