Aorist Stem Changes -- 8 to know ἔ ρχομαι == ἦ λθον (I came, went) βλέπω == ε ἶ δον (I saw) λέγω == ε ἶ πον (I said) γίνομαι == ἐ γενόμην (I became) γινώσκω == ἔ γνων (I knew) ἔ χω == ἔ σχον ( I had) λαμβάνω == ἔ λαβον (I took) ε ὑ ρίσκω == ε ὗ ρον (I found)
Rapping the Lord’s Prayer Πάτερ ἡ μ ῶ ν ὁ ἐ ν το ῖ ς ο ὐ ρανο ῖ ς father our the one in heaven ἁ γιασθήτω τ ὸ ὄ νομά σου make holy name your ἐ λθέτω ἡ βασιλεία σου let come kingdom your γενηθήτω τ ὸ θέλημά σου, let be will your
Rapping the Lord’s Prayer ὡ ς ἐ ν ο ὐ ραν ῷ κα ὶ ἐ π ὶ γ ῆ ς· as in heaven also on earth τ ὸ ν ἄ ρτον ἥ μ ῶ ν τ ὸ ν the bread our ἐ πιούσιον δ ὸ ς ἡ μ ῖ ν σήμερον· daily give us today
Introduction to First Aorists: English Two ways of forming the past in English 1) Suffixed -ed -- 1st Aorist (σα) Charlie laughs. Charlie laughed. 2) Internal Stem change -- 2nd Aorist Charlie runs. Charlie ran.
Basic 1st Aorist form Augment+Verb Stem+Tense Formative+Secondary End ε + λυ + σα + ς = ἔ λυσας
1st Aorist Active Paradigm Singular Plural ἔ λυσα ἐ λύσαμεν I loosed we loosed ἔ λυσας ἐ λύσατε you loosed you all loosed ἔ λυσε(ν) ἔ λυσαν He/she/it loosed they loosed Chant: ἔ λυσα: --, ς, ε, μεν, τε, ν
1st Aorist Middle Paradigm Singular Plural ἐ λυσάμην ἐ λυσάμεθα I loosed for myself we loosed for ourselves ἐ λύσω ἐ λύσασθε you loosed for yourself you all loosed for yourselves ἐ λύσατο ἐ λύσαντο s/he/it loosed for himself they loosed for themselves Chant: ἐ λυσάμην: -ω, -ατο, -αμεθα, -ασθε, -αντο
Ending transformations Velars: κ, γ, or χ + σ = ξ ἐ δίδαξα Labials: π, β, or φ + σ = ψ ἔ βλεψα Dentals: τ, δ, or θ + σ = σ ἔ πεισα (from πείθω) (I persuaded) Lemoners ( λ, μ, ν, or ρ) + σ = ___ Sigma dropped and vowel lengthened: ἔ μεινα
First Aorist Verbs List: ἀ κούω -- ἤ κουσα (I heard) ἀ ποστέλλω -- ἀ πέστειλα (I sent) βλέπω -- ἔ βλεψα (I saw) γράφω -- ἔ γραψα (I wrote) διδάσκω -- ἐ δίδαξα (I taught) πιστεύω -- ἐ πίστευσα (I believed) θέλω -- ἠ θέηλσα (I wished)
First Aorist Verbs List (cont.) μένω -- ἔ μεινα (I remained) κρίνω -- ἔ κρινα (I judged) σ ῴ ζω -- ἔ σωσα (I saved)
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